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Conquistadores: ¿Héroes o villanos?

aenriquezhz 9 agosto, 2009 2

 Muchas veces conquista es llegar a imponer costumbres y credos ajenos a los habitantes del lugar

“La historia la escriben los vencedores”, es decir se relatan las cosas de acuerdo a como lo consideran los personajes que en determinadas circunstancias lograron triunfar sobre otros. Nada más real si nos referimos a los hechos que sucedieron hace cientos o miles de años, en donde prácticamente se transmitía y se hacían perdurar las hazañas (vistas además como tales) de lo que convenía a determinado “héroe” o sociedad.

Desde Atila o Genghis Khan hasta Napoleón Bonaparte o Hitler, pasando por Alejandro Magno o Ciro el Grande, sólo por mencionar a los más célebres  conquistadores han dejado plasmada su participación y relevancia en la historia de la humanidad. Pero conquista se puede interpretar también como invasión, como llegar a imponer sus costumbres, cultura o religión sin respetar las existentes en el lugar invadido, amén de que prácticamente en todas las “conquistas” a  habído derramamiento de sangre de inocentes, inocentes que al final no tienen forma de mostrar su inconformismo y de que se transmita para las generaciones futuras. Encontramos entonces que, en el afán de cubrir “pecados de guerra”, la historia que sabemos nos llega incompleta y en muchos casos falseada, ocultando los pasajes oscuros de los conquistadores y arreglando las cosas para aparecer como héroes.

Toda conquista implica resistencia y toda resistencia implica guerra. Toda guerra implica muertes de inocentes

Nos pasa por ejemplo que si mencionamos a Hitler lo asociamos con los horrores de los campos de concentración, pero si mencionamos a Alejandro Magno tal vez pensamos en grandeza; la diferencia bien puede ser sólo que lo que ocurrió durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial tuvo difusión y llegó a nosotros tal cuál, pero ¿quien puede saber realmente lo que ocurrió durante el recorrido de Alejandro Magno en sus afanes de conquista?

Deberíamos entonces no sólo quedarnos con el concepto de héroes para quienes fueron conquistadores (invasores)  y llegaron a “civilizar” (imponer costumbres, credos, robar y esclavizar) a pueblos que en muchas de las veces tenían un mejor sistema de gobierno, una ciencia más avanzada y, en general, un modo de vida mucho más civilizada que los invasores, ya que en muchas ocasiones llegaron con la idea de intentar cambiar una cultura que ni siquiera habían logrado entender.



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